What Is Technology?


Technology is a tool used by humans to solve a problem, often a difficult one. People who use technology often need to reason through the constraints and specific circumstances imposed on them. In contrast to science, which focuses on necessity and universality, technology focuses on specificity and purpose. While they are closely related, they are not identical. Rather, technology is an application of science and stands at a critical intersection between science and technology.

Instrumental definition of technology

The instrumental definition of technology is an anthropological concept. It describes the way humans use technology for their ends. This definition is contrary to the common conception of technology. This theory is rooted in Heidegger’s critique of technology and its harmful effects, but admits that technology has a useful role in human lives.

Instrumental definitions of technology have a tendency to downplay human agency and focus on how humans make use of technology. This view treats technology as an objective force or means to an end, and attributes human agency to a technical elite or a rare ingenuity. The instrumental definition of technology is often used as a basis for philosophical critiques of technology.

Nature-inspired design

The application of nature-inspired design in technology is an ongoing process that involves several disciplines. The key to this design process is to recognize the function of nature in a problem and translate this into a technological solution. Although this process has a long way to go, there have been some recent attempts at translating nature-inspired concepts into technology. The development of databases of observed natural phenomena has been an important step in advancing this field.

One example of how nature inspired design can benefit technology is in the field of optics. Engineers have been interested in using biomimetic materials to create better optical components. Researchers are currently working to mimic the properties of plant and animal photonics. A common example is the blue color of a Morpho butterfly, which has been mimicked by a number of different technologies.

Manufacturing technology

Manufacturing technology encompasses a wide variety of techniques and equipment used in the manufacturing process. It can involve a variety of processes, such as casting, forging, and alloying. It can also be used to streamline a process by reducing wastage and improving productivity. There are many benefits to using manufacturing technology in a business.

The three main methods of manufacturing technology include additive manufacturing, subtractive manufacturing, and continuous manufacturing. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. For example, continuous manufacturing can produce large quantities of a single product in the shortest possible time. However, it can be quite expensive, requiring a large investment.

Information technology

Information technology refers to a broad range of technologies that improve people’s lives. Its modern definition includes computers, storage devices, networking, and related physical devices. It also encompasses the jobs required to develop and maintain information technology systems. The number of people working in information technology is increasing every year. In fact, according to the CompTIA Cyberstates report, there will be 3.9 million job openings in the technology industry by 2020. And the trend shows no sign of slowing down.

The hardware that makes up an information technology system includes servers, storage hardware, and peripherals. Server hardware runs business applications and interacts with client devices in a client-server model. These servers communicate with other servers via computer networks, typically the internet.


Biotechnology has a wide range of applications that help in industrial processes and also decreases adverse environmental impacts. Some of these applications include enzymes, biocatalysts, and even the production of biofuel. These technologies can improve agricultural productivity and minimize pollution, and they have the potential to improve human and animal health.

The use of biotechnology in farming can help in increasing crop production and improving the taste and nutritional value of foods. This technology can also reduce the need for harmful chemicals and pesticides that are used in conventional farming. Biotechnology helps in improving the yield and producing superior crops, which can help in eradicating malnutrition in developing countries.